The Story of Kalidas(The Princess of Kashi)
In ancient India, people aspired to achieve cultural refinement through learning. Sanskrit was the lingua franca and mastery of the language was considered a great achievement, sign of culture and an attribute of nobility. During those days, people cared little for wealth and moral values were held in high esteem.
her married to someone utterly unworthy of her. This way, they wanted to avenge their defeat.
By that time, Kalidas's travels had taken him to Kashi. One day he was chopping wood from a tree when some persons approached him and after a discussion took him to a palatial house. He was entertained there for a few days. They told Kalidas that he would be married to the Princess of Kashi if he followed their instructions and played dumb.
A day was fixed for the debate between the princess and Kalidas. Surrounded by the conspirators, Kalidas came to the court and was presented as the Guru who had taken a vow of silence for a year. A panel of three judges was selected and it was stipulated that the princess would ask only three questions by making signs and they would, in turn, be answered by gestures by Kalidas. If the first two questions were correctly answered, the third would not be asked.
Then the debate began. The princess raised one finger, indicating thereby that God (i.e. Brahma) is one who created Man. Kalidas thought the princess wanted to destroy his one eye. He raised two fingers to show that he would destroy both her eyes. The Judges declared that the answer was correctly given as both Brahma and the Maya created Man.
Vidyottama asked the second question by raising her five fingers conveying the idea that Man is made of five elements. To this question, Kalidas replied by showing his clenched fist. He thought that the princess wanted to slap him. In order to show her that he was not a weak man, he raised his clenched fist. The judges concluded that Kalidas meant to say that the five elements create Man, only in combination and not singly. They declared Kalidas the winner and that the princess had lost the debate.
Kalidas was married to the charming Princess of Kashi. He began to spend his time in Kashi as a dumb man and his wanderings came to an end.