The Story of Kalidas(MALAVIKAGNIMITRA)

The last Maurya king was not a powerful ruler. Pushyamitra, the Army Chief, killed him and himself became the king. Agnimitra was the son of Pushyamitra and ruled Vidisha. He had two wives-Dharani and Iravati. The former was the senior queen. Agnimitra handed over the administration of Antpalgarh to Virsen, a distant cousin of Dharani. Virsen sent a beautiful slave girl, Malavika, to Dharani, to be given lessons in dancing and music to make her an accomplished court dancer.

By: Poonam Sharma

Posted on: 16/10/2020 View : 39

The Story of Kalidas(MALAVIKAGNIMITRA)

The last Maurya king was not a powerful ruler. Pushyamitra, the Army Chief, killed him and himself became the king. Agnimitra was the son of Pushyamitra and ruled Vidisha. He had two wives-Dharani and Iravati. The former was the senior queen. Agnimitra handed over the administration of Antpalgarh to Virsen, a distant cousin of Dharani. Virsen sent a beautiful slave girl, Malavika, to Dharani, to be given lessons in dancing and music to make her an accomplished court dancer.

Once, Agnimitra paid a visit to the Art Gallery. In a picture, he saw a charming girl amidst a group of maid servants. He enquired her name but Dharani did not answer. However, their daughter, Vasulakshmi, disclosed that she was Malavika. Dharani was displeased at this disclosure and suspected faithlessness on the part of the king. Since that day a strict watch was kept on Malavika.

Acharya Gunadas used to teach dancing and music to Malavika. The gentle nature, captivating beauty and sharp intellect of Malavika made the Acharya feel that she was not a slave girl but a descendant of some noble family. In fact, Malavika belonged to a royal family but nobody knew it..

Yagyasen and Madhavsen, who were cousins, ruled Vidarbha. They fought between themselves to subdue each other and grab the entire Vidarbha. Malavika was the sister of Madhavsen who wanted to get her married to Agnimitra and thus add to his power by this alliance. When he was on his w'ay to Agnimitra's kingdom, he was attacked by Yagyasen and taken prisoner. In the confusion that followed, Malavika was lost.

Agnimitra wrote to Yagyasen to free Madhavsen but the latter refused. This annoyed Agnimitra and he ordered Virsen to attack Vidarbha and free Madhavsen.

The king wanted to meet Malavika. He asked his friend Gautam who led a gay life, to help him in this affair. Gautam was about to make some suggestion when the two Acharyas, Gunadas and Hardatt, brought their suit before the king. They wanted to know who was the senior Acharya. The king told them that his queen Dharani, and her friend, Kaushiki, would decide their dispute.

The queen heard their dispute. Kaushiki was also present there. She asked the two Acharyas to show her what they had taught their students. Both of them agreed and returned to the studio for making preparations.

The programme began in the studio in the presence of the king, his queen and the royal retinue. Acharya Gunadas, who was the elder of the two, was asked to start his programme first.

Malavika came on the stage in the company of Gunadas. The king was stunned by her beauty. Her graceful dance cast a spell over the audience. Everyone present there praised her in full measure. Just then the time for lunch was announced and Hardatt was asked to put up his student’s performance next day.

Rumours about the love affairs of the king and Malavika spread. The king was in love with Malavika but could not show his feelings towards her for the fear of his queen.

It was the Vasant Festival. Gautam asked the king to visit the Pramodvan as Iravati, the junior queen, had expressed a desire to enjoy a ride in the swing with him.

The young and gay maidens in their bright and colourful attires thronged the Pramodvan. They kicked the ashoka tree with their painted toes and the buds opened into blossoms. There was gaiety, fun and laughter. Only one tree had not blossomed. Iravati used to visit the fair every day. Unluckily,one day she fell down from the swing and sprained her foot. She asked Malavika to nurse it. Malavika came to the Pramodvan with her friend, another maid. She had her toes painted. The king who had also arrived there, was looking at her from a distance. Malavika kicked the ashoka tree with her left foot. Suddenly, Gautam appeared there and told her that she had done a wrong thing by kicking the king’s tree. As Malavika blushed, the king also came there. Malavika and her friend fell at the king's feet and begged his forgiveness. The king lifted Malavika up from the ground and professed his love for her.

Iravati saw what was going on. She was enraged at the behaviour of the king and scolded him. Malavika and her friend disappeared from the scene and left the king alone.When the senior queen, Dharani, came to know of this, she threw Malavika and her friend into a dungeon and told the guard not to release them untill her snake-stone ring was shown to him.

The king was distressed when he came to know about the imprisonment of Malavika. He asked Gautam to plan her release. He himself went to see the queen. While he was talking to her, Gautam appeared there crying and sobbing. He told the king that he was bitten by a snake in the Pramodvan, where he had gone to pick flowers for the queen. His toe was tied with his holy thread and there were marks of snake-bite on it.

The queen became nervous on seeing the dying brahmin. The king comforted her and sent Gautam to the physician, Bharavsiddhi, for treatment. After a while, a messenger came there and told the king that the physician needed snake-stone to draw out the poison from the body of Gautam. The queen removed her ring and gave it to the messenger.

Soon the news came that Gautam had been cured of the snakebite. While the king was on his way back, he met Gautam who told him that Malavika and her friend had been freed from the dungeon and were waiting in Samudra-grih. The king went there in the company of Gautam. There he met Malavika. Gautam and Malavika's friend made some excuse and left the place. The king and Malavika were left alone.

Irayati, the junior queen, also came to the Pramodvan to see Gautam. At the door of Samudra-grih she found Gautam fast asleep and talking about Malavika in his sleep. The queen was annoyed and threw a piece of wood at him. Gautam woke up frightened, thinking he had been bitten by a snake. When the king heard him shrieking, he came there to help him. By that time, Gautam had composed himself and told the king that it was a bad dream which he had seen as a result of his pretension of being bitten by a snake. He confessed that he had not been bitten by a snake but he staged the scene to get the queen's ring to free Malavika.

Queen Iravati, who was out of sight, heard the story. She was in a fit of rage. Malavika was also frightened like a pigeon caught by a cat. The king was in a fix. He tried to pacify the queen but did not succeed. The queen bitterly scolded Gautam as she thought that he was the master-mind behind this. The king quietly left the place. At that time the gardener's wife came there to report that the garden was in full bloom. Malavika thought that it was a good opportunity to slip away.

The king came to his palace and received the happy news of the conquest of Vidarbha by Virsen, Queen Dharani's cousin. Iravati sent a message to the king to visit the Pramodvan and enjoy the colourful scene of blooming flowers with her.

In the meanwhile, Kaushiki had dressed and adorned Malavika like a bride. The king came to the Pramodvan with Gautam and was welcomed by the queen. The king's heart beat wildly when he saw Malavika. At that time, two slave girls, captured by Virsen, were presented to the king. When the slave girls saw Malavika, they offered obeisance to her. When the king enquired the reason for offering obeisance to Malavika, he was told that she was the younger sister of Madhavsen who was escorting her to Vidisha. On the way, he was attacked and taken prisoner and Malavika was lost in the confusion of the battle.

The next sequel was told by Kaushiki who said to the king that when Madhavsen was arrested, my brother, Sumiti, took Malavika away from the battle-ground to a safe place. I and my brother were escorting her to you, when we were attacked by a gang of dacoits. The dacoits killed my brother. I fainted. When I recovered, Malavika was not there. I did not know what had happened to her. Later on, Virsen rescued Malavika from the dacoits and sent her to Dharani, the senior queen.”

The king and the queen expressed their regrets for not treating Malavika in a manner befitting her status. When the king asked Kaushiki to explain why she remained quiet for a year, she said, "A holy man had predicted that Malavika would serve as a slave girl for a year. That is why I kept quiet. Now one year is over and I have told you everything”.

Then the king and Malavika were married with royal splendour. There was much rejoicing in the kingdom.

More related articles:


Thanjavur attained prominence under the Cholas in the ninth century, Vijayalaya, the first great ruler of the dynasty (850-71), having captured it and made it his capital. The Brihadisvara temple is a symbol of the greatness of the Chola empire under its author, emperor Rajaraja (985-1012), whose splendour it reflects. Know More


ONE of the most ancient and strategically located forts of India, the Kalinjar in Bundel Khand, was the site of several battles and many an illustrious name such as Mahmud Ghazni, Prithvi Raj Chauhan, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, Humayun, Sher Shah Suri, Akbar, Chhatrasal were associated with it. Know More


The five centuries which passed between the decline of the first great Indian empire of the Mauryas and the emergence of the great empire of the Guptas has often been described as a dark period in Indian history when foreign dynasties fought each other for short-lived and ephemeral supremacy over northern India. Know More


GWALIOR, 200 miles south of Delhi, is strategically located on the north- south route. Therefore its possession or hold on it was considered essential by the rulers of Delhi so as to have passage to and control and governance of southern regions. The grandeur and majesty of the Gwalior Fort has to be appreciated even today, but more important than its aesthetic appearance was the defensive objectives it served. Know More


In the last centuries of the first millennium BC northwestern India was once more subjected to a new wave of immigration from Central Asia. In Bactria several tribes clashed in the second century BC and pushed each other towards the fertile lowlands in the south. Know More


The Cholas ofThafijivur (ninth to twelfth centuries) were great conquerors, who were not only paramount in south India but for some time extended their sway as far as the river Ganga in the north and brought Sri Lanka, a part of Burma, the Malayan peninsula and some islands of south-east Asia under their influence. Know More

The One as Many (Hindu Dharma)

The one and only Paramatman is revealed as so many different deities. If one person develops a great liking for a certain deity, another chooses to have a liking for some other. To make a man a confirmed devotee of the form in which he likes to adore the Lord, the Paramatman on occasion diminishes himself in his other forms. Know More


DELHI is said to have been the site of seven cities and whenever a new city came up, protection had to be provided to it mostly in the form of a fort. Delhi thus abounds with forts, sorine of which are visible in their remnanrts some having mere jWalls, and hardly any in its original shape. Lai Kot, Rai Pithora and Siri exist in the ruins of their walls; the inside of Tughlaqabad and Kotia Feroze Shah are in slightly better shape and Purana Qila is better preserved. Lai Qila or Red Fort is the only fort that has withstood ravages but, more than time, when the Mughuls grew weak, plunderers and vandals played havoc with its precious posses¬ sions as well as with its inmates, includ¬ ing royalty. Know More


The history of the Maurya empire after the death of Ashoka is not very well recorded. There are only stray references in Buddhist texts, the Indian Puranas and some Western classical texts and these references often Know More

The Epics and their Greatness

If the Puranas are described as constituting an Upanga of the Vedas, the itihasas(the epics) are so highly thought of as to be placed on an equal footing with the Vedas. The Mahabharata is indeed called the fifth Veda pancamo Vedah Of the Ramayana it is said: As the Supreme Being,who is so exalted as to be known by the Vedas, was born the son ofDasaratha. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Meghdoot)

The king of the Yakshas was called Kubera. Alakapuri was the capital of his kingdom. It was situated in the Himalays. This incident took place long, long ago. One of the Yakshas was entrusted with the duty of bringing flowers to the king every morning. He was easy-going and fond of his wife. One day he chatted with his wife late into the night. Next morning he got up late. As a result, he was late in taking flowers to Kubera. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kumarasambhava)

The Himalayan mountain range in the north of India is known as Nagadhiraj or Devatatma. Here we find the pine and birch forests in their full majesty. The lakes at high altitudes are full of lotus flowers. It is the storehouse of many kinds of medicinal herbs. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Raghuvansh)

This is a chronicle of the Raghuvansh, the dynasty founded by King Raghu. There are thirteen cantos in this book, of which the first eight relate to the pre-Ramayan period. Vaivaswat was the first king of the Sun Race {Surya Vansh). One of his later descendants was the mighty king Dilip of Ayodhya. He had no son. This made him unhappy though he was the richest and most powerful king of his times. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(MALAVIKAGNIMITRA)

The last Maurya king was not a powerful ruler. Pushyamitra, the Army Chief, killed him and himself became the king. Agnimitra was the son of Pushyamitra and ruled Vidisha. He had two wives-Dharani and Iravati. The former was the senior queen. Agnimitra handed over the administration of Antpalgarh to Virsen, a distant cousin of Dharani. Virsen sent a beautiful slave girl, Malavika, to Dharani, to be given lessons in dancing and music to make her an accomplished court dancer. Know More

Itihasas and Puranas

For the learned and the unlettered alike in our country the Ramayana and the Mahabharata have for centuries been like their two eyes, pointing to them the path of dharma. The two poetic works are not included among the Puranas and are accorded a special place as "itihasas". "Pura " means "in the past". That which gives an account of what happened in the past is a "Purana", even though it may contain predictions about the future also. The term can also mean what was composed in the past Know More

Vyasas Priceless Gift to Us

I regard Vyasa as the first journalist, the ideal for all newspapermen of today. He composed the Puranas and made a gift of that great treasure to humanity. How have they (the Puranas) benefited us, They encompass stories, history, geography, philosphy, dharma, the arts. Vyasas narration holds the interest not only of intellectuals but of ordinary people, even the unlettered. Is this not the aim of journalists, holding the interest of the general reader. However, most of them stop with this, exciting the interest of people or pandering to their taste. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(VIKRAM URVASIYAM)

Once Urvasi and her friend Chitralekha two fairies in the court of Indra, the god of rain were returning home from Kuberas abode. Keshi the demon saw them and promptly kidnapped the two. While Urvasi fainted Chitralekha shouted aloud Come oh friend of the gods come and help us. Know More

Puranas and History

Our nation, it is often alleged, does not have a sense of history. In my opinion the Puranas are history. But to our educated people today history means the history of the past two thousand years since the birth of Christ. They do not believe that the events of earlier eras, including those mentioned in the Puranas, are history. Know More


Once King Dushyanta went deep into the forest for a hunt. He spotted a deer and followed it on his chariot. Soon he saw two young hermits.who stopped him and said This is a pet of our hermitage please dont shoot your arrow at it.The young hermits told the king that he was near the hermitage of Kanva whose daughter in his absence was looking after the Ashram. Know More


Alexander’s campaign probably made an indirect impact on the further political development of India. Not much is known about the antecedents of Chandragupta Maurya, but it is said that he began his military career by fighting against the outposts which Alexander had left along the river Indus. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Search for Kalidas)

Raja Bhoj and Kalidas were very close to each other. Kalidas often took too much liberty with the King. Once Raja Bhoj was so angry with Kalidas that he banished him from his kingdom. Know More


In the 19th century earlier, scholars such as Andrew Stirling and James Fergusson, who saw a fragment of the main temple, never entertained any doubt regarding the completion of the building. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Test of Greatness)

Among the many learned men in the court of Raja Bhoj, Kalidas enjoyed a unique position. He was held in high esteem by the Raja who placed complete confidence in him. This was a cause of heart-burning among other courtiers who thought Kalidas received undeserved honour and praise from the Raja. Know More


The nine grahas were placed over doorways of temples to ward off evil influences. At Konark the planets appear in their fully developed iconography. The Navagraha slab which was originally placed over the eastern doorway ofthe jagamohana is now kept in a separate shed erected by the Archaeological Department. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas as a Prisoner)

Kalidas was a select courtier at the court of Raja Bhoj. He was highly respected by the Raja who thought himself lucky to have such a wise, learned and renowned poet and musician in his court. None could equal Kalidas in wit and wisdom. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Cryptic Message)

Gobind and Vishnu went to Varanasi for their education. They came from Dharanagri, the capital of Raja BhoJ. Gobind worked hard but Vishnu wasted his time in Varanasi. After twelve years, they completed their education and started for home. Know More


The remains of a temple, came to view to south-west of the Konark temple after clearance ofsand. Facing the east the temple made of khondalite consists of a deula, Jagamohana and a projecting platform on the east. Of the temple, only a portion of the bada survives and superstructures of both deula and jagamohan are completely missing Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas and the Ghost)

Raja Bhoj built a rest house for the public but whoever spent a night in it was found dead or injured in the morning. Everyone was frightened and none went near it, as it was believed to be haunted by a ghost. Know More


The Sun temple of Konark, enclosed within a spacious compound, consists of the deula, the jagamohana and the natamandira, along the east-west axis. All the structures face the east. The deula and jagamohana forming component parts of one architectural scheme are designed in the form of a monumental chariot of the Sun god Know More


The extension of the Vedic culture into the central and eastern Gangetic plains was as important for the further course of Indian history as the period of their early settlement in the Panjab and in the Ganga-Yamuna Doab. Know More

Revolutionary Leader - Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904 at Mughalsarai, a small railway town seven miles from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.He was an Indian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of India. He promoted the White Revolution – a national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk – by supporting the Amul milk co-operative of Anand, Gujarat and creating the National Dairy Development Board. Know More

Ancient Mathematical Treatises

Jyotisa, as we have seen, consists of three sections. There was a scholarly man in the Matha who was particularly learned in this science. We wished to honour him with a title and decided upon "Triskandha- Bhaskara". "Skandha" literally means a big branch springing from the trunk of a tree. The three skandhas of Jyotisas are: siddhanta, hora and samhita. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas and the Ass)

Raja Bhoj and Kalidas liked each other very much and their friendship grew into a close personal relationship. They often engaged themselves in a battle of wits in which the Raja was invariably the loser. Raja Bhoj often thought of novel schemes to humble Kalidas but the latter was always one up. Know More


The second millennium BC witnessed another major historical event in the early history of the South Asian subcontinent after the rise and fall of the Indus civilisation: a semi-nomadic people which called itself Arya in its sacred hymns came down to the northwestern plains through the mountain passes of Afghanistan. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Last Words of Kalidas)

After many months of his departure from Dharanagri, Kalidas stepped on the soil of Ceylon. He was struck by the grandeur which met his eyes. It was dusk when he landed there. The sound of soft music floated through the air. Know More

Gandhi Jayanti - Birthday Of The Father Of The Nation

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a National Holiday in India to mark the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the 'Father of the Nation'. Gandhi ji was born on 2nd October 1869in Porbandar , hence each year Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on this day. It is one of the three National holidays of India. Know More


Narasimha-I is famous in history as the builder of the Konark temple. The great temple of the Sun god, now known as Konark, is the most celebrated of the monumental buildings of that time, and a lasting symbol ofthe ambitious enterprise and achievements of Narasimha-I. He belonged to the Eastern Ganga dynasty of Kalinga. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(An Invitation)

During those days, Ceylon was a country at the height of its glory and prosperity. Kumargupta, the prince of Ceylon was himself a learned man and patronised man of art. Know More


When the great cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were discovered in the 1920s the history of the Indian subcontinent attained a new dimension. The discovery of these centres of the early Indus civilisation was a major achievement of archaeology. Before these centres were known, the IndoAryans were regarded as the creators of the first early culture of the subcontinent. Know More

History Of India and the Environment

Environment—that is a world alive and related to a living centre, the habitat of an animal, the hunting grounds and pastures of nomads, the fields of settled peasants. For human beings the environment is both an objective ecological condition and a field of subjective experience. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(How Classics were Born)

Night had fallen on the city of Kashi. People were fast asleep in their homes, but Princess Vidyottama was tossing about in her bed. She could not sleep. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Princess of Bengal)

During those days King Vikram ruled Bengal. He had a beautiful daughter called Padmini. Princess Padmini and Vidyasagar the Kings Prime Ministers son were fast friends. Know More

The Southern Group of Temples

The Southern Group of monuments comprises the Duladeo and Chaturbhuja temples. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Princess of Kashi)

In ancient India, people aspired to achieve cultural refinement through learning. Sanskrit was the lingua franca and mastery of the language was considered a great achievement, sign of culture and an attribute of nobility. Know More


Goddess was associated with that of the bull, and these were no exception. Bull figurines have been discovered, and the bull forms a favourite motif for the decoration of the pottery of KullI and Rana Ghundal, one of the most important of the Zhob sites. Know More

The Eastern Group of Temples

The Eastern Group of monuments, I situated near Khajuraho village, includes three Brahmanical temples, Brahma, Vamana and Javari, and three Jaina temples, Ghantai, Adinatha and Parsvanatha. The Brahmanical temples are located along or near the Khajuraho-sagar, while the Jaina temples are situated further south and are conveniently accessed by a metalled road. Know More

Temples Of Khajuraho (Part 2)

Acomparative analysis of the sculptural, architectural and decorative features of the Khajuraho temples shows that the monuments, although of a common lineage, can be divided into two broad groups. Know More

Regarding Nataraja

Nataraja is the name of the dancing Paramesvara. Nata is a member of a troupe which also consists of the vita and gayaka The nata ances. Nataraja is the king of all dancers-- he who cannot be excelled as adancer-- and he is also called Mahanata [the great dancer]. The Amarakosa, the Sanskrit lexicon, has these two words: Mahakalo mahanatah. Know More

Temples Of Khajuraho

Acomparative analysis of the sculptural, architectural and decorative features of the Khajuraho temples shows that the monuments, although of a common lineage, can be divided into two broad groups. Know More

Sculptures Of Khajuraho

The Khajuraho sculptures can be divided into five broad categories. The first category comprises formal cult-images executed almost completely in the round, and in strict conformity with canonical formulae and prescriptions. Know More

Join Omdhara spiritual community

Grow your internal being as it has to be, get connection with the one.