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Many paths to the One Goal

The Azhvars sing the glory of Visnu and the Nayanmars of Siva. In the Vedas all deities are hymned in the same way. The Upanishads do not speak much about deities; they are concerned with truths of the Self.Tiruvalluvar speaks about God and philosophical matters and his viewsare in keeping with the Vedic tradition. But the emphasis in his work is on morals and ethics Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Meghdoot)

The king of the Yakshas was called Kubera. Alakapuri was the capital of his kingdom. It was situated in the Himalays. This incident took place long, long ago. One of the Yakshas was entrusted with the duty of bringing flowers to the king every morning. He was easy-going and fond of his wife. One day he chatted with his wife late into the night. Next morning he got up late. As a result, he was late in taking flowers to Kubera. Know More

Upa-puranas and Others

Apart from the 18 major Puranas there are an equal number of Upapuranas.Among them are the Vinayaka Purana and the Kalki Purana.There are also, in addition, a number of minor Puranas. The Puranas that speak of the glory of various months such as the Tula Purana, the Magha Purana and the Vaisakha Purana are parts included into the 18 major Puranas or Upa-puranas. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kumarasambhava)

The Himalayan mountain range in the north of India is known as Nagadhiraj or Devatatma. Here we find the pine and birch forests in their full majesty. The lakes at high altitudes are full of lotus flowers. It is the storehouse of many kinds of medicinal herbs. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Raghuvansh)

This is a chronicle of the Raghuvansh, the dynasty founded by King Raghu. There are thirteen cantos in this book, of which the first eight relate to the pre-Ramayan period. Vaivaswat was the first king of the Sun Race {Surya Vansh). One of his later descendants was the mighty king Dilip of Ayodhya. He had no son. This made him unhappy though he was the richest and most powerful king of his times. Know More

Puranas and History

Our nation, it is often alleged, does not have a sense of history. In my opinion the Puranas are history. But to our educated people today history means the history of the past two thousand years since the birth of Christ. They do not believe that the events of earlier eras, including those mentioned in the Puranas, are history. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(ABHIGYANSHAKUNTALAM)

Once King Dushyanta went deep into the forest for a hunt. He spotted a deer and followed it on his chariot. Soon he saw two young hermits.who stopped him and said This is a pet of our hermitage please dont shoot your arrow at it.The young hermits told the king that he was near the hermitage of Kanva whose daughter in his absence was looking after the Ashram. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Cryptic Message)

Gobind and Vishnu went to Varanasi for their education. They came from Dharanagri, the capital of Raja BhoJ. Gobind worked hard but Vishnu wasted his time in Varanasi. After twelve years, they completed their education and started for home. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas and the Ghost)

Raja Bhoj built a rest house for the public but whoever spent a night in it was found dead or injured in the morning. Everyone was frightened and none went near it, as it was believed to be haunted by a ghost. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Last Words of Kalidas)

After many months of his departure from Dharanagri, Kalidas stepped on the soil of Ceylon. He was struck by the grandeur which met his eyes. It was dusk when he landed there. The sound of soft music floated through the air. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(An Invitation)

During those days, Ceylon was a country at the height of its glory and prosperity. Kumargupta, the prince of Ceylon was himself a learned man and patronised man of art. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(How Classics were Born)

Night had fallen on the city of Kashi. People were fast asleep in their homes, but Princess Vidyottama was tossing about in her bed. She could not sleep. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Princess of Bengal)

During those days King Vikram ruled Bengal. He had a beautiful daughter called Padmini. Princess Padmini and Vidyasagar the Kings Prime Ministers son were fast friends. Know More

Pada or Foot

I said Chandas is the foot of the Vedapurusa. Poetry also has its foot. In tamil poetry there are iradikkural (stanzas with two feet), naladiar(stanzas with four feet), etc: adi here has the same meaning as pada, that is foot. Naladiar does not mean four adiyars. Great devotees are called adiyars because they lie at the lotus feet of the Lord Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Princess of Kashi)

In ancient India, people aspired to achieve cultural refinement through learning. Sanskrit was the lingua franca and mastery of the language was considered a great achievement, sign of culture and an attribute of nobility. Know More

Foot of the Vedapurusa

Men of devotion say that the praises of the lord must be sung in Chanda-hamizh.Chanda (m) is derived from Chandas.Chandas, as I have already said, means the Vedas. Bhagavan says in the Gita that the Vedas are leaves of the pipal tree called Creation--Chandamsi yasya parnani. Instead of Veda, the Lord uses the word Chandas. However, the Chandas I am going to speak about does not mean the Vedas but prosody and represents the foot of the Vedapurusa. Know More

Regarding Nataraja

Nataraja is the name of the dancing Paramesvara. Nata is a member of a troupe which also consists of the vita and gayaka The nata ances. Nataraja is the king of all dancers-- he who cannot be excelled as adancer-- and he is also called Mahanata [the great dancer]. The Amarakosa, the Sanskrit lexicon, has these two words: Mahakalo mahanatah. Know More

Mouth of the Vedapurusa

Vyakarana or grammar is the mukha of the Vedapurusa, his mouth. The Tamil word for grammar is illakanam. Grammar deals with the laksanas of a language. Laksmana(n) is llukkumanan in Tamil. In the same way, laksana(m) becomes illakanam in that language. There are a number of works on Sanskrit grammar. Know More

Names of Months(Hindu Dharma)

you must have formed an idea of how the genius of one language differs from that of another. You may note this from how the original Sanskrit names of other months have changed in Tamil. Usually,as observed before, the name of a month is derived from the asterism under which the full moon falls in that month. Citra-purnima is a sacred day. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Prophecy)

One day, a mahatma well known for his supernatural powers, came to the village. Men, women and children visited him to pay their respects. Know More

Sanskrit-The Universal Language

Sanskrit is the language of all mankind; it is an international language and also the language of the gods. The gods are called girvanas so Sanskritis called Gairvani. Know More

A Language that has all Phonemes is Sanskrit

From the foregoing it is clear that Sanskrit has the f sound. In fact thereis no sound vocalised by humans that is not present in that language.Zha is not, as is usually imagined, unique to Tamil. It exists in the Vedic language which is the source of Sanskrit. Know More

Languages and Scripts: Indian and Foreign

A special feature of our language is that each syllable of every word ispronounced distinctly. Take the English word world The sound of the first syllable has no clear form; it is neither we nor wo. Then the letter r is slurred over. There are many such indistinct words in foreign tongues. Know More

Devanagari Script-Lipi (Hindu Dharma)

The evolution of the script of any language must be based on symbols or signs denoting various units of its speech (phonemes). Most of the European languages including English are written in the Roman script. There is a script called Brahmi and the Asokan edicts are in it. In fact it is from Brahmi that the scripts of most Indian languages have evolved and these include not only the Devanagari script in which Sanskrit is written but also the Tamil and Grantha scripts. Know More

Root Language - Sanskrit (Hindu Dharma)

In speaking about the Vedas I stated that the sound of a word was more important that its meaning. That reminds me. In the Vedic language called handas and in Sanskrit which is based on it, there are words the very sound of which denotes their meaning. Take the word Danta You know that it means a tooth. Know More

Vedic Sakhas (Hindu Dharma )

When the Vedas are said to have no end, how can one talk of there being an "end to the Vedas (Vedanta)"? The mesage of the Vedas, the truths proclaimed by them, the teachings with respect to self-realisation occur in the concluding part (Upanisads) of each of the Vedas, that is Vedanta. Know More

The Ten Upanasids (Hindu Dharma)

Sankara Bhagavatpada selected ten out of the numerous Upanisads to comment upon from the non-dualistic point of view. Ramanuja, Madhva and others who came after him wrote commentaries on the same based on their own philosophical points of view. These ten Upanisads are listed in the following stanza for the names to be easily remembered. Know More

The Rig Veda Later and Lesser Gods.

The Rig veda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas Later and Lesser Gods. Know More

The Brahmasutra (Hindu Dharma)

I said that every doctrine or system has a sutra (text consisting of aphoristic statements), a bhasya (commentary) and a vartika (elucidation of the commentary). The systems founded by Sankara, Ramanuja, Madhva, Srikantha (acarya of Saiva-Sidhanta) belong to Vedanta. All these acaryas cite the authority of the Vedas in support of their respective doctrines and they have chosen the same ten Upanisads to comment upon according to their different philosophical perceptions. Know More

The Rig Veda The Sun and Dawn Myth Part 5

The Rig veda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rig veda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. Its early layers are one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. Know More

The Upanisads (Hindu Dharma)

The Upanisads come at the close of the Aranyakas. If the Samhita is the tree, the Brahmana the flower and the Aranyaka the fruit (i. e. in its unripe stage), the Upanishads are the mellow fruit - the final fruit or "phala". The Upanisads are to the seeker the direct means of realising the non-difference between the jivatman (individual self) and the Paramatman. Know More

The Threefold Purpose of Yajna(Hindu Dharma)

The Vedic sacrifices have threefold purpose. The first is to earn the blessings of the deities so that we as well as all other creatures may be happy in this world. The second is to ensure that, after our death, we will live happily in the world of the celestials. Know More

Sound and Meaning (Hindu Dharma)

An interesting thought occurs to me here. In Sanskrit the suffix "taram" isused for the comparative degree. "Viryavat" means "strong", "Viryavat taram" means "stronger". It is said in the Chandogya Upanishad (1. 1. 10) that he who meditates on the truth of Omkara (Aumkara) with a knowledge of its meaning, will gain benefits that are "viryavat taram". The implication here is that those who practice such meditation without knowing the meaning will obtain benefits that are “viryavat" Know More

The Vedas are Infinite(Hindu Dharma)

If the cosmos of sound (sabda-prapanca) enfolds all creation and what is beyond it, it must naturally be immensely vast. However voluminous the Vedas are, one might wonder whether it would be right to claim that they embrace all activities of the universe. "Anantah vai Vedah", the Vedas themselves proclaim so (the Vedas are endless). Know More

The Rig Veda The Sun and Dawn Myth Part 4

The Rig veda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rigveda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. Its early layers are one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. Know More

Eternal(Hindu Dharma)

It is not possible to tell the age of the Vedas. If we say that an object is "anadi" it means that nothing existed before it. Any book, it is reasonable to presume, must be the work of one or more people. The Old Testament contains the sayings of several Prophets. Know More

The Rig Veda The Sun and Dawn Myth Part 2

In the Rig Veda the description of the break of dawn, of the emergence of Usha, is perhaps the most beautiful passage. She is described as the one who untiringly rises every morning as though born anew to bring life to mankind, to satisfy all their longings and give new strength to every spirit or soul. Know More

The Rig Veda The Sun and Dawn Myth

In the Rig Veda the description of the break of dawn, of the emergence of Usha, is perhaps the most beautiful passage. She is described as the one who untiringly rises every morning as though born a new to bring life to mankind, to satisfy all their longings and give new strength to every spirit or soul. Know More

The Rig Veda Part 7

The Rig veda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rigveda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. Its early layers are one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. Know More

The Rig Veda Part 6

The Rigveda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rigveda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. Its early layers are one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. Know More

The Rig Veda Part 5

The Rigveda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rigveda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. Its early layers are one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. Know More

The Rig Veda Part 4

The Rigveda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rigveda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. Its early layers are one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. Know More

The Basic Texts of Hinduism: Our Ignorance of Them (Hindu Dharma)

There are books aplenty in the world dealing with a vast variety of subjects. The adherents of each religion single out one book for special veneration, believing that it shows them the way to salvation. The followers of some faiths even build temples in honour of their holy scriptures Know More

The Rig Veda Part 3

The Rigveda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rigveda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. Its early layers are one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. Know More

The Rig Veda Part 2

The Rigveda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rigveda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. Its early layers are one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. Know More

THE RIG VEDA

The Rigveda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rigveda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. Its early layers are one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language Know More

The Vedas PART-2

The Vedas are a large body of religious texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. There are four Vedas: the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda. Know More

INDRA, THE RAIN GOD

Prominent amongst the deities of the Vedas, and most popular with the Aryan peoples is Indra. “ In Sanskrit,” says Max Muller, “ the drops of rain are called indu, and he who sends them is called Ind-ra, the ‘ rainer,’ the ‘ irrigator.’ Know More

The Vedas

The Vedas are a large body of religious texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. There are four Vedas: the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda. Know More

The Aryas PART-5

The Arya were central Asian Steppe pastoralists who arrived in India between roughly 2000 BCE and 1500 BC, and brought Indo-European languages to the subcontinent. ... In other words, these migrants were likely to have been hunter-gatherers, which means they did not bring a knowledge of agriculture. Know More

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