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THE END OF THE MAURYA EMPIRE AND THE NORTHERN INVADERS

The history of the Maurya empire after the death of Ashoka is not very well recorded. There are only stray references in Buddhist texts, the Indian Puranas and some Western classical texts and these references often Know More

The Epics and their Greatness

If the Puranas are described as constituting an Upanga of the Vedas, the itihasas(the epics) are so highly thought of as to be placed on an equal footing with the Vedas. The Mahabharata is indeed called the fifth Veda pancamo Vedah Of the Ramayana it is said: As the Supreme Being,who is so exalted as to be known by the Vedas, was born the son ofDasaratha. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Meghdoot)

The king of the Yakshas was called Kubera. Alakapuri was the capital of his kingdom. It was situated in the Himalays. This incident took place long, long ago. One of the Yakshas was entrusted with the duty of bringing flowers to the king every morning. He was easy-going and fond of his wife. One day he chatted with his wife late into the night. Next morning he got up late. As a result, he was late in taking flowers to Kubera. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kumarasambhava)

The Himalayan mountain range in the north of India is known as Nagadhiraj or Devatatma. Here we find the pine and birch forests in their full majesty. The lakes at high altitudes are full of lotus flowers. It is the storehouse of many kinds of medicinal herbs. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Raghuvansh)

This is a chronicle of the Raghuvansh, the dynasty founded by King Raghu. There are thirteen cantos in this book, of which the first eight relate to the pre-Ramayan period. Vaivaswat was the first king of the Sun Race {Surya Vansh). One of his later descendants was the mighty king Dilip of Ayodhya. He had no son. This made him unhappy though he was the richest and most powerful king of his times. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(MALAVIKAGNIMITRA)

The last Maurya king was not a powerful ruler. Pushyamitra, the Army Chief, killed him and himself became the king. Agnimitra was the son of Pushyamitra and ruled Vidisha. He had two wives-Dharani and Iravati. The former was the senior queen. Agnimitra handed over the administration of Antpalgarh to Virsen, a distant cousin of Dharani. Virsen sent a beautiful slave girl, Malavika, to Dharani, to be given lessons in dancing and music to make her an accomplished court dancer. Know More

Itihasas and Puranas

For the learned and the unlettered alike in our country the Ramayana and the Mahabharata have for centuries been like their two eyes, pointing to them the path of dharma. The two poetic works are not included among the Puranas and are accorded a special place as "itihasas". "Pura " means "in the past". That which gives an account of what happened in the past is a "Purana", even though it may contain predictions about the future also. The term can also mean what was composed in the past Know More

Vyasas Priceless Gift to Us

I regard Vyasa as the first journalist, the ideal for all newspapermen of today. He composed the Puranas and made a gift of that great treasure to humanity. How have they (the Puranas) benefited us, They encompass stories, history, geography, philosphy, dharma, the arts. Vyasas narration holds the interest not only of intellectuals but of ordinary people, even the unlettered. Is this not the aim of journalists, holding the interest of the general reader. However, most of them stop with this, exciting the interest of people or pandering to their taste. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(VIKRAM URVASIYAM)

Once Urvasi and her friend Chitralekha two fairies in the court of Indra, the god of rain were returning home from Kuberas abode. Keshi the demon saw them and promptly kidnapped the two. While Urvasi fainted Chitralekha shouted aloud Come oh friend of the gods come and help us. Know More

Puranas and History

Our nation, it is often alleged, does not have a sense of history. In my opinion the Puranas are history. But to our educated people today history means the history of the past two thousand years since the birth of Christ. They do not believe that the events of earlier eras, including those mentioned in the Puranas, are history. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(ABHIGYANSHAKUNTALAM)

Once King Dushyanta went deep into the forest for a hunt. He spotted a deer and followed it on his chariot. Soon he saw two young hermits.who stopped him and said This is a pet of our hermitage please dont shoot your arrow at it.The young hermits told the king that he was near the hermitage of Kanva whose daughter in his absence was looking after the Ashram. Know More

THE GREAT ANCIENT EMPIRES

Alexander’s campaign probably made an indirect impact on the further political development of India. Not much is known about the antecedents of Chandragupta Maurya, but it is said that he began his military career by fighting against the outposts which Alexander had left along the river Indus. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Search for Kalidas)

Raja Bhoj and Kalidas were very close to each other. Kalidas often took too much liberty with the King. Once Raja Bhoj was so angry with Kalidas that he banished him from his kingdom. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Test of Greatness)

Among the many learned men in the court of Raja Bhoj, Kalidas enjoyed a unique position. He was held in high esteem by the Raja who placed complete confidence in him. This was a cause of heart-burning among other courtiers who thought Kalidas received undeserved honour and praise from the Raja. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas as a Prisoner)

Kalidas was a select courtier at the court of Raja Bhoj. He was highly respected by the Raja who thought himself lucky to have such a wise, learned and renowned poet and musician in his court. None could equal Kalidas in wit and wisdom. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Cryptic Message)

Gobind and Vishnu went to Varanasi for their education. They came from Dharanagri, the capital of Raja BhoJ. Gobind worked hard but Vishnu wasted his time in Varanasi. After twelve years, they completed their education and started for home. Know More

SUBSIDIARY TEMPLES IN THE COMPOUND

The remains of a temple, came to view to south-west of the Konark temple after clearance ofsand. Facing the east the temple made of khondalite consists of a deula, Jagamohana and a projecting platform on the east. Of the temple, only a portion of the bada survives and superstructures of both deula and jagamohan are completely missing Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas and the Ghost)

Raja Bhoj built a rest house for the public but whoever spent a night in it was found dead or injured in the morning. Everyone was frightened and none went near it, as it was believed to be haunted by a ghost. Know More

THE MAIN TEMPLE - COMPLEX OF KONARK

The Sun temple of Konark, enclosed within a spacious compound, consists of the deula, the jagamohana and the natamandira, along the east-west axis. All the structures face the east. The deula and jagamohana forming component parts of one architectural scheme are designed in the form of a monumental chariot of the Sun god Know More

THE GREAT ANCIENT EMPIRES

The extension of the Vedic culture into the central and eastern Gangetic plains was as important for the further course of Indian history as the period of their early settlement in the Panjab and in the Ganga-Yamuna Doab. Know More

Revolutionary Leader - Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904 at Mughalsarai, a small railway town seven miles from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.He was an Indian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of India. He promoted the White Revolution – a national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk – by supporting the Amul milk co-operative of Anand, Gujarat and creating the National Dairy Development Board. Know More

Ancient Mathematical Treatises

Jyotisa, as we have seen, consists of three sections. There was a scholarly man in the Matha who was particularly learned in this science. We wished to honour him with a title and decided upon "Triskandha- Bhaskara". "Skandha" literally means a big branch springing from the trunk of a tree. The three skandhas of Jyotisas are: siddhanta, hora and samhita. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas and the Ass)

Raja Bhoj and Kalidas liked each other very much and their friendship grew into a close personal relationship. They often engaged themselves in a battle of wits in which the Raja was invariably the loser. Raja Bhoj often thought of novel schemes to humble Kalidas but the latter was always one up. Know More

IMMIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT OF THE INDO-ARYANS

The second millennium BC witnessed another major historical event in the early history of the South Asian subcontinent after the rise and fall of the Indus civilisation: a semi-nomadic people which called itself Arya in its sacred hymns came down to the northwestern plains through the mountain passes of Afghanistan. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Last Words of Kalidas)

After many months of his departure from Dharanagri, Kalidas stepped on the soil of Ceylon. He was struck by the grandeur which met his eyes. It was dusk when he landed there. The sound of soft music floated through the air. Know More

Gandhi Jayanti - Birthday Of The Father Of The Nation

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a National Holiday in India to mark the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the 'Father of the Nation'. Gandhi ji was born on 2nd October 1869in Porbandar , hence each year Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on this day. It is one of the three National holidays of India. Know More

KING NARASIMHA-I AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE KONARK TEMPLE

Narasimha-I is famous in history as the builder of the Konark temple. The great temple of the Sun god, now known as Konark, is the most celebrated of the monumental buildings of that time, and a lasting symbol ofthe ambitious enterprise and achievements of Narasimha-I. He belonged to the Eastern Ganga dynasty of Kalinga. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(An Invitation)

During those days, Ceylon was a country at the height of its glory and prosperity. Kumargupta, the prince of Ceylon was himself a learned man and patronised man of art. Know More

EARLY CIVILISATIONS OF THE NORTHWEST

When the great cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were discovered in the 1920s the history of the Indian subcontinent attained a new dimension. The discovery of these centres of the early Indus civilisation was a major achievement of archaeology. Before these centres were known, the IndoAryans were regarded as the creators of the first early culture of the subcontinent. Know More

History Of India and the Environment

Environment—that is a world alive and related to a living centre, the habitat of an animal, the hunting grounds and pastures of nomads, the fields of settled peasants. For human beings the environment is both an objective ecological condition and a field of subjective experience. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(How Classics were Born)

Night had fallen on the city of Kashi. People were fast asleep in their homes, but Princess Vidyottama was tossing about in her bed. She could not sleep. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Princess of Bengal)

During those days King Vikram ruled Bengal. He had a beautiful daughter called Padmini. Princess Padmini and Vidyasagar the Kings Prime Ministers son were fast friends. Know More

The Southern Group of Temples

The Southern Group of monuments comprises the Duladeo and Chaturbhuja temples. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Princess of Kashi)

In ancient India, people aspired to achieve cultural refinement through learning. Sanskrit was the lingua franca and mastery of the language was considered a great achievement, sign of culture and an attribute of nobility. Know More

The Eastern Group of Temples

The Eastern Group of monuments, I situated near Khajuraho village, includes three Brahmanical temples, Brahma, Vamana and Javari, and three Jaina temples, Ghantai, Adinatha and Parsvanatha. The Brahmanical temples are located along or near the Khajuraho-sagar, while the Jaina temples are situated further south and are conveniently accessed by a metalled road. Know More

Temples Of Khajuraho (Part 2)

Acomparative analysis of the sculptural, architectural and decorative features of the Khajuraho temples shows that the monuments, although of a common lineage, can be divided into two broad groups. Know More

Temples Of Khajuraho

Acomparative analysis of the sculptural, architectural and decorative features of the Khajuraho temples shows that the monuments, although of a common lineage, can be divided into two broad groups. Know More

Sculptures Of Khajuraho

The Khajuraho sculptures can be divided into five broad categories. The first category comprises formal cult-images executed almost completely in the round, and in strict conformity with canonical formulae and prescriptions. Know More

Art and Architecture of Khajuraho temple

Most of the temples at Khajuraho conform to a basic unity of design.With the exception of the Chausath yogini, Brahma and Lalguan-Mahadeva temples,which are constructed either wholly or largely of granite, all Khajuraho temples are built of a fine¬grained sandstone, in varying shades of buff, pink or pale yellow, brought from the quarries of Panna on the east bank of the Ken river. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Wanderings)

After giving up his kingdom, Kalidas wandered from place to place in search of Parvati. He had no fixed abode and was indifferent to worldly desires. Know More

The Chandella Kings

The first notable Chandella a prince was Harsha, who, shaken by the invasions of the Rashtrakutas from the Deccan, reinstated his Pratihara overlord Kshitipala or Mahipala on the throne of Kannauj AD c.917. His son and successor, Yasovarman alias Lakshavarman, valiantly defended his suzerain from the attacks of both the Rashtrakutas and the Palas of east India. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Royal Bride)

Wandering from place to place, Kalidas arrived at the court of King Vikramaditya. The Raja had heard about Kalidas and was glad to receive the poet of great fame in his court. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Prophecy)

One day, a mahatma well known for his supernatural powers, came to the village. Men, women and children visited him to pay their respects. Know More

Introduction of Khajuraho

The Chandellas who ruled over S Jejakabhukti in central India between—L 9th and 13th century AD were a Rajputtribe of mixed blood claiming descent from the Moon through the legendary sage Chandratreya.Tradition ascribed their origin to Maniyagadh, ahill fort about 19 kms south of Khajuraho, named after their family deity Maniya-deva or Maniyadevi, an aboriginal deity with Sakta attributes whose shrine still exists at Maniyagadh and Mahoba. Know More

Vishwakarma Jayanti - The Birthday of the architect!!!

Vishwakarma Jayanti is a day of celebration for Vishwakarma, a Hindu god, the divine architect. He is considered as swayambhu and creator of the world. He constructed the holy city of Dwarka where Krishna ruled, the Maya Sabha of the Pandavas, and was the creator of many fabulous weapons for the gods. Know More

Hindi Diwas

Hindi Diwas will be observed across the country on September 14 to commemorate the day the Constituent Assembly of India recognised and adopted Hindi as the official Indian language. Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language written in the Devanagari script and is the fourth most spoken language in the world after English, Spanish, and Mandarin. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Childhood)

Dharmanand and his wife were happy at the birth of Kalidas. Four years passed joyfully and Dharmanand had forgotten his dreadful dream. Know More

Root Language - Sanskrit (Hindu Dharma)

In speaking about the Vedas I stated that the sound of a word was more important that its meaning. That reminds me. In the Vedic language called handas and in Sanskrit which is based on it, there are words the very sound of which denotes their meaning. Take the word Danta You know that it means a tooth. Know More

History behind Celebrating Teachers Day

Teachers' Day is celebrated annually on September 5 to mark the birthday of the country's former President, scholar, philosopher and Bharat Ratna awardee, Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who was born on this day in 1888. Know More

Yoga and Speech (Hindu Dharma)

When you play the harmonium the nagasvaram or the flute the sound is produced by the air discharged in various measures through different outlets. Our throat has a similar system to produce sound. It is not that the throat alone is involved in this process. How do we speak and sing.Speaking or singing is an exercise that has its source below the navel in the muladhara or root-base of the spinal column. Know More

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