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THE END OF THE MAURYA EMPIRE AND THE NORTHERN INVADERS

The history of the Maurya empire after the death of Ashoka is not very well recorded. There are only stray references in Buddhist texts, the Indian Puranas and some Western classical texts and these references often Know More

Why Differences among the Gods?

Each Purana is in the main devoted to a particular devata. In the Siva Purana it is stated: "Siva is the Supreme Being. He is the highest authority for creation, sustenance and dissolution. It is at his behest, and under him, that Visnu funtions as protector. Visnu is a mere bhogin, trapped in Maya. Siva is a yogin and jnana incarnate. Visnu is subject to Siva and worships him. Once when he opposed Siva he suffered humiliation at his hands". Stories are told to illustrate such assertions. Know More

The Epics and their Greatness

If the Puranas are described as constituting an Upanga of the Vedas, the itihasas(the epics) are so highly thought of as to be placed on an equal footing with the Vedas. The Mahabharata is indeed called the fifth Veda pancamo Vedah Of the Ramayana it is said: As the Supreme Being,who is so exalted as to be known by the Vedas, was born the son ofDasaratha. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Meghdoot)

The king of the Yakshas was called Kubera. Alakapuri was the capital of his kingdom. It was situated in the Himalays. This incident took place long, long ago. One of the Yakshas was entrusted with the duty of bringing flowers to the king every morning. He was easy-going and fond of his wife. One day he chatted with his wife late into the night. Next morning he got up late. As a result, he was late in taking flowers to Kubera. Know More

Upa-puranas and Others

Apart from the 18 major Puranas there are an equal number of Upapuranas.Among them are the Vinayaka Purana and the Kalki Purana.There are also, in addition, a number of minor Puranas. The Puranas that speak of the glory of various months such as the Tula Purana, the Magha Purana and the Vaisakha Purana are parts included into the 18 major Puranas or Upa-puranas. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kumarasambhava)

The Himalayan mountain range in the north of India is known as Nagadhiraj or Devatatma. Here we find the pine and birch forests in their full majesty. The lakes at high altitudes are full of lotus flowers. It is the storehouse of many kinds of medicinal herbs. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Raghuvansh)

This is a chronicle of the Raghuvansh, the dynasty founded by King Raghu. There are thirteen cantos in this book, of which the first eight relate to the pre-Ramayan period. Vaivaswat was the first king of the Sun Race {Surya Vansh). One of his later descendants was the mighty king Dilip of Ayodhya. He had no son. This made him unhappy though he was the richest and most powerful king of his times. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(MALAVIKAGNIMITRA)

The last Maurya king was not a powerful ruler. Pushyamitra, the Army Chief, killed him and himself became the king. Agnimitra was the son of Pushyamitra and ruled Vidisha. He had two wives-Dharani and Iravati. The former was the senior queen. Agnimitra handed over the administration of Antpalgarh to Virsen, a distant cousin of Dharani. Virsen sent a beautiful slave girl, Malavika, to Dharani, to be given lessons in dancing and music to make her an accomplished court dancer. Know More

Itihasas and Puranas

For the learned and the unlettered alike in our country the Ramayana and the Mahabharata have for centuries been like their two eyes, pointing to them the path of dharma. The two poetic works are not included among the Puranas and are accorded a special place as "itihasas". "Pura " means "in the past". That which gives an account of what happened in the past is a "Purana", even though it may contain predictions about the future also. The term can also mean what was composed in the past Know More

Vyasas Priceless Gift to Us

I regard Vyasa as the first journalist, the ideal for all newspapermen of today. He composed the Puranas and made a gift of that great treasure to humanity. How have they (the Puranas) benefited us, They encompass stories, history, geography, philosphy, dharma, the arts. Vyasas narration holds the interest not only of intellectuals but of ordinary people, even the unlettered. Is this not the aim of journalists, holding the interest of the general reader. However, most of them stop with this, exciting the interest of people or pandering to their taste. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(VIKRAM URVASIYAM)

Once Urvasi and her friend Chitralekha two fairies in the court of Indra, the god of rain were returning home from Kuberas abode. Keshi the demon saw them and promptly kidnapped the two. While Urvasi fainted Chitralekha shouted aloud Come oh friend of the gods come and help us. Know More

Puranas and History

Our nation, it is often alleged, does not have a sense of history. In my opinion the Puranas are history. But to our educated people today history means the history of the past two thousand years since the birth of Christ. They do not believe that the events of earlier eras, including those mentioned in the Puranas, are history. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(ABHIGYANSHAKUNTALAM)

Once King Dushyanta went deep into the forest for a hunt. He spotted a deer and followed it on his chariot. Soon he saw two young hermits.who stopped him and said This is a pet of our hermitage please dont shoot your arrow at it.The young hermits told the king that he was near the hermitage of Kanva whose daughter in his absence was looking after the Ashram. Know More

THE GREAT ANCIENT EMPIRES

Alexander’s campaign probably made an indirect impact on the further political development of India. Not much is known about the antecedents of Chandragupta Maurya, but it is said that he began his military career by fighting against the outposts which Alexander had left along the river Indus. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Search for Kalidas)

Raja Bhoj and Kalidas were very close to each other. Kalidas often took too much liberty with the King. Once Raja Bhoj was so angry with Kalidas that he banished him from his kingdom. Know More

THE FALL OF THE TEMPLE AND CONSERVATION

In the 19th century earlier, scholars such as Andrew Stirling and James Fergusson, who saw a fragment of the main temple, never entertained any doubt regarding the completion of the building. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Test of Greatness)

Among the many learned men in the court of Raja Bhoj, Kalidas enjoyed a unique position. He was held in high esteem by the Raja who placed complete confidence in him. This was a cause of heart-burning among other courtiers who thought Kalidas received undeserved honour and praise from the Raja. Know More

Sankhya (Hindu Dharma)

According to Sankhya, the Atman is Purusa and is the basis of all, though,at the same time detached from everything. In its view Maya which keeps everything going is Prakriti. The cosmos is contained in 24 "tattvas" ["thatnesses" or principles or categories] of which Prakrti is one- Prakrti is indeed the first of these and it has the name of"pradhana Know More

NINE PLANETS TEMPLE AT KONARK

The nine grahas were placed over doorways of temples to ward off evil influences. At Konark the planets appear in their fully developed iconography. The Navagraha slab which was originally placed over the eastern doorway ofthe jagamohana is now kept in a separate shed erected by the Archaeological Department. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas as a Prisoner)

Kalidas was a select courtier at the court of Raja Bhoj. He was highly respected by the Raja who thought himself lucky to have such a wise, learned and renowned poet and musician in his court. None could equal Kalidas in wit and wisdom. Know More

ASPECTS OF ARCHITECTURE AND SCULPTURE

The Sun temple of Konark is the greatest temple of Orissa and one of the most notable examples of Orissan architecture at its phase of culmination. The temple consists of a deula (sanctuary) with a curvilinear sikhara and a jagamohana (porch) covered by a pyramid roof. Both the structures stand on a common plinth 3.9m in height beyond the eastern end, separated by a short distance stands a natamandira (dance hall) on a high platform. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Cryptic Message)

Gobind and Vishnu went to Varanasi for their education. They came from Dharanagri, the capital of Raja BhoJ. Gobind worked hard but Vishnu wasted his time in Varanasi. After twelve years, they completed their education and started for home. Know More

Hand of the Vedapurusa

The sixth limb or Anga of the Vedapurusa is Kalpa, his hand. The hand is called "kara" since it does work (or since we work with it). In Telugu it is called “sey ". Kalpa is the sastra that involves you in "work". A man learns to chant the Vedas, studies Siksa, Vyakarana, Chandas, Nirukta and Jyotisa. What does he do next? He has to apply these sastras to the rites he is enjoined to perform. He has to wash away his sins, the sins earned by acting according to his whims. Know More

The Grahas and Human Life

The conditions of man correspond to the changes in the position of the nine grahas. A human being does not enjoy happiness all the time nor does he always suffer hardships-- that is he experiences a mixture of happiness and sorrow. While he may be pushed up to a high position today, he may be thrust down to the depths tomorrow. Know More

SUBSIDIARY TEMPLES IN THE COMPOUND

The remains of a temple, came to view to south-west of the Konark temple after clearance ofsand. Facing the east the temple made of khondalite consists of a deula, Jagamohana and a projecting platform on the east. Of the temple, only a portion of the bada survives and superstructures of both deula and jagamohan are completely missing Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas and the Ghost)

Raja Bhoj built a rest house for the public but whoever spent a night in it was found dead or injured in the morning. Everyone was frightened and none went near it, as it was believed to be haunted by a ghost. Know More

THE MAIN TEMPLE - COMPLEX OF KONARK

The Sun temple of Konark, enclosed within a spacious compound, consists of the deula, the jagamohana and the natamandira, along the east-west axis. All the structures face the east. The deula and jagamohana forming component parts of one architectural scheme are designed in the form of a monumental chariot of the Sun god Know More

Planets, Stars

How do the planets differ from the stars The planets revolve round the sun; the stars do not belong to the sun mandala [they are not part of the solar system]. If you hold a diamond in your hand and keep shaking it about, it will glitter. The stars glitter in the same way and twinkle, but the planets do not twinkle. The sun and the stars are self-luminous Know More

THE GREAT ANCIENT EMPIRES

The extension of the Vedic culture into the central and eastern Gangetic plains was as important for the further course of Indian history as the period of their early settlement in the Panjab and in the Ganga-Yamuna Doab. Know More

Revolutionary Leader - Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904 at Mughalsarai, a small railway town seven miles from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.He was an Indian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of India. He promoted the White Revolution – a national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk – by supporting the Amul milk co-operative of Anand, Gujarat and creating the National Dairy Development Board. Know More

THE ORISSAN STYLE OF TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE

The temple of Konark represents the best in Orissan architectures; it is the culmination and climax of a long evolution of Orissan temples. Hence to understand this temple one has to know the various features ofthe Orissan style of architecture, its long evolution and the architectural lore ofOrissa Know More

Ancient Mathematical Treatises

Jyotisa, as we have seen, consists of three sections. There was a scholarly man in the Matha who was particularly learned in this science. We wished to honour him with a title and decided upon "Triskandha- Bhaskara". "Skandha" literally means a big branch springing from the trunk of a tree. The three skandhas of Jyotisas are: siddhanta, hora and samhita. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(Kalidas and the Ass)

Raja Bhoj and Kalidas liked each other very much and their friendship grew into a close personal relationship. They often engaged themselves in a battle of wits in which the Raja was invariably the loser. Raja Bhoj often thought of novel schemes to humble Kalidas but the latter was always one up. Know More

IMMIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT OF THE INDO-ARYANS

The second millennium BC witnessed another major historical event in the early history of the South Asian subcontinent after the rise and fall of the Indus civilisation: a semi-nomadic people which called itself Arya in its sacred hymns came down to the northwestern plains through the mountain passes of Afghanistan. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Last Words of Kalidas)

After many months of his departure from Dharanagri, Kalidas stepped on the soil of Ceylon. He was struck by the grandeur which met his eyes. It was dusk when he landed there. The sound of soft music floated through the air. Know More

Gandhi Jayanti - Birthday Of The Father Of The Nation

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a National Holiday in India to mark the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the 'Father of the Nation'. Gandhi ji was born on 2nd October 1869in Porbandar , hence each year Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on this day. It is one of the three National holidays of India. Know More

KING NARASIMHA-I AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE KONARK TEMPLE

Narasimha-I is famous in history as the builder of the Konark temple. The great temple of the Sun god, now known as Konark, is the most celebrated of the monumental buildings of that time, and a lasting symbol ofthe ambitious enterprise and achievements of Narasimha-I. He belonged to the Eastern Ganga dynasty of Kalinga. Know More

Eye of the Vedapurusa

Jyotisa, which is the science of the celestial bodies and the eye of the Vedapurusa, consists of three "skandhas" or sections. So it is called "Skandha-trayatmakam". Sages like Garga, Narada and arasura have written samhitas (treatises) on this subject. The sun god, in disguise, taught the science to Maya, the carpenter of the Asuras. The work incorporating his teachings is called the Suryasiddhanta. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(An Invitation)

During those days, Ceylon was a country at the height of its glory and prosperity. Kumargupta, the prince of Ceylon was himself a learned man and patronised man of art. Know More

EARLY CIVILISATIONS OF THE NORTHWEST

When the great cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were discovered in the 1920s the history of the Indian subcontinent attained a new dimension. The discovery of these centres of the early Indus civilisation was a major achievement of archaeology. Before these centres were known, the IndoAryans were regarded as the creators of the first early culture of the subcontinent. Know More

Ear of the Vedapurusa

Nirukta serves the purpose of a Vedic dictionary, or "kosa". A dictionary is also called a "nighantu", which term is used in Tamil also. Nirukta, which deals with the origin of words, their roots, that is with etymology, is the ear of the Vedapurusa. Know More

History Of India and the Environment

Environment—that is a world alive and related to a living centre, the habitat of an animal, the hunting grounds and pastures of nomads, the fields of settled peasants. For human beings the environment is both an objective ecological condition and a field of subjective experience. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(How Classics were Born)

Night had fallen on the city of Kashi. People were fast asleep in their homes, but Princess Vidyottama was tossing about in her bed. She could not sleep. Know More

Vedic mantra

A Vedic mantra or the stanza of an ordinary poem is divided into four parts. In most metres there are four feet and each foot is divided into the same number of syllables or mantras. When the feet are not equal we have what is called a metre that is "visama": "vi+sama" = "visama"."Sama" indicates a state of non-difference,of evenness. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Princess of Bengal)

During those days King Vikram ruled Bengal. He had a beautiful daughter called Padmini. Princess Padmini and Vidyasagar the Kings Prime Ministers son were fast friends. Know More

Pada or Foot

I said Chandas is the foot of the Vedapurusa. Poetry also has its foot. In tamil poetry there are iradikkural (stanzas with two feet), naladiar(stanzas with four feet), etc: adi here has the same meaning as pada, that is foot. Naladiar does not mean four adiyars. Great devotees are called adiyars because they lie at the lotus feet of the Lord Know More

THE HARAPPA CULTURE AND THE ARYANS (Part - 3)

The largest building so far excavated is one at Mohenjo Daro with a superficial area of 230 x 78 feet Know More

The Southern Group of Temples

The Southern Group of monuments comprises the Duladeo and Chaturbhuja temples. Know More

The Story of Kalidas(The Princess of Kashi)

In ancient India, people aspired to achieve cultural refinement through learning. Sanskrit was the lingua franca and mastery of the language was considered a great achievement, sign of culture and an attribute of nobility. Know More

Foot of the Vedapurusa

Men of devotion say that the praises of the lord must be sung in Chanda-hamizh.Chanda (m) is derived from Chandas.Chandas, as I have already said, means the Vedas. Bhagavan says in the Gita that the Vedas are leaves of the pipal tree called Creation--Chandamsi yasya parnani. Instead of Veda, the Lord uses the word Chandas. However, the Chandas I am going to speak about does not mean the Vedas but prosody and represents the foot of the Vedapurusa. Know More

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